Lithium batteries come in various chemistries, including lithium-ion (Li-ion), lithium polymer (LiPo), and lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO4). Each chemistry has its own set of characteristics, such as energy density, safety, and cost.
Energy Density: One of the primary advantages of lithium batteries is their high energy density, which means they can store a significant amount of energy in a relatively small and lightweight package. This makes them ideal for portable devices where size and weight are crucial factors.
Rechargeability: Lithium batteries are rechargeable, allowing users to charge and discharge them multiple times. They have a relatively low self-discharge rate, which means they can hold their charge for extended periods when not in use.